How Can I Get Canadian Citizenship After Becoming a Permanent Resident?

Before you submit an application for Canadian citizenship, it is important that you must be a permanent resident. Being a permanent resident indicates that you are not being investigated for immigration to Canada.

Therefore, you must fulfil a number of requirements in order to apply for Canadian citizenship. These requirements are as follows:

Physical Presence in Canada

In order to qualify for Canadian citizenship, you must have physically resided in the country for at least three of the previous five years.

You may also count some of the time you spent living in Canada as a temporary residence or as a protected person. In case there is a difficulty with your calculation, Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) advises that you apply with more than a period of 1,095 days.


In the five years prior to the date you apply for Canadian citizenship, you may require to file taxes in Canada for at least three of those years.

If you have to pay tax for the entire year, wish to claim a refund, or want to receive benefit and credit payments, you might need to file an income tax return, even though you only spent a portion of the year in Canada.

Must Pass a Citizenship Test

You must pass a citizenship test if you are between the ages of 18 and 54. The 30-minute test consists of 20 questions covering Canadian rights and obligations as well as information about Canada’s history, geography, laws, and other topics.

Prove Your Language Ability

You must demonstrate that you can speak English or French at a Canadian Language Benchmarks (CLB) level of 4 or above if you are between the ages of 18 and 54. The IRCC will evaluate your French or English language proficiency.

Inadmissibility Grounds

Legal and criminal troubles can potentially exclude you from applying for Canadian citizenship. These include being deported within the last five years, having your citizenship revoked within the last three years, being imprisoned, on parole, or on probation, being the subject of a removal order from Canada, or being under investigation for or having committed a war crime or a crime against humanity.

Austin Campbell

Austin has been quite active in the immigration arena since 2010. He has authored over 250 immigration publications, given over 70 presentations, and organized numerous events featuring federal and provincial immigration ministers and leaders from other sectors. He is a graduate of the University of Toronto and Durham University.
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